'Sanctuary of Red-crowned cranes at Imjingang River, Yeoncheon Estuary' to be state-designated cultural property natural monument

연합뉴스 / 2022-05-11 14:35:19
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▲ This photo, provided by the Cultural Heritage Administration, shows the Sanctuary of Red-crowned cranes at Imjingang River, Yeoncheon Estuary. (PHOTO NOT FOR SALE) (Yonhap)

 

▲ This photo, provided by the Cultural Heritage Administration, shows the Sejong Sejong-ri Ginkgo Tree. (PHOTO NOT FOR SALE) (Yonhap)

 

 

SEOUL, May 11 (Yonhap) -- The Cultural Heritage Administration announced on the 11th that it would designate the "Sanctuary of Red-crowned cranes at Imjingang River, Yeoncheon Estuary " and the "Sejong Sejong-ri Ginkgo Tree," as the state-designated cultural property natural monument on the 12th.


The area of Hoengsan-ri, Jung-myeon, Yeoncheon-gun, Gyeonggi province, is a habitat for about 1,500 rare birds, including cranes and red-crowned cranes where they hibernate. The Red-crowned cranes spend their winter looking for food while also resting in the Imjin River and the surrounding, including farmlands.

With only 1,000 red-crowned cranes left in the word, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has protected them as endangered species. Among them, 6,000 red-crowned cranes spend their winter in Korea, and the Imjingang River in Yeoncheon has the highest number of red-crowned cranes per unit in South Korea.

"As the Sanctuary of Red-crowned cranes at Imjingang River, Yeoncheon Estuary is located in the north of the Civilian Control Line, it is well preserved," Yeoncheon county reported to the Cultural Heritage Administration during the process of designating it as a cultural property. "It is important to protect the nest of the red-crowned cranes which are designated as natural monuments."

Red-crowned cranes have been recognized as one of the Ten Symbols of Longevity, as they were thought to exist forever or live for a very long time since the ancient times.

In the Joseon Dynasty, it was also used for the patterns in the clothes of government officials who were at least Dangsanggwan (refers to a rank higher than the 3rd rank of the Joseon dynasty, or a member of the official rank corresponding to that rank) to symbolize their success in life, while today, it is engraved on a 500 won coin.

On the other hand, Sejong's Natural monument, "Yeongi Sejong-ri Ginkgo Tree" which was changed to "Sejong Sejong-ri Ginkgo Tree," has been in front of Imnansu (1342-1407) Shrine, a general during the Goryeo Dynasty for hundreds of years. The shrine is located in Sejong-ri, Sejong City.

There are two ginkgo trees, with one symbolizing a male and another female. This kind of planting style, where ginkgo trees are planted as a pair is related to Confucianism and is called "Haengdan."

The trees are expected to be about 600 years old. The tree on the right side, also known as the male tree has a height of 20m, 6.9m circumference, and a width of 20.5m , while the tree on the left side, also known as the female tree, has a height of 19m with a circumference of 5.4m and a width of 14m.

If one looks at "Bujosaudo," a 1674 woodblock diagram of 'Buan Imssisebo", two large ginkgo trees are depicted in front of the shrine. "Gongsanji", published in 1859 by Gongjumok of Chungcheong Province, also contains information about Imnansu Shrine and a pair of ginkgo trees.

Descendants of the Lim family of Buan are still performing rituals at the ginkgo tree every year.

 

(This article is translated from Korean to English by Haemin Kim.)

 

 

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