[Hallyupedia] Monaegi

연합뉴스 / 2022-05-23 16:42:01
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by Ra Hwakjin / Haemin Kim

[ENG] Transplanting rice seedlings (embryo buds of rice) into paddy fields


▲ This photo, shows a monaegi site with a transplanter. (Yonhap)


▲ This photo, shows farmers doing monaegi manually with their hands. (Yonhap)


▲ This photo, shows a monaegi site with a transplanter on April at Busan. (Yonhap)


Monaegi (Method of Rice Planting) is the transfer of seedlings (embryo buds of rice) to the rice field. It is also known Mosimgi.

According to Doosan Encyclopedia, rice farming in Korea was initially carried out by sowing seeds directly into fields or paddy fields, but since the mid-Joseon period, the "monaegi method," where rice seedling were first planted in beds before being transferred, became more common.

Although rice cultivation through the monaegi method is more common in Southeast Asia and Korea, direct seeding is still being practiced in some regions of Asia, Africa and the United States. Recently, direct seeding method with drones has also been experimentally practiced.

One of the advantages of using the monaegi method is that the young seedlings only uses a small area, enabling the rice paddy to be used for other purposes during its early stages. This means that multiple cropping in one paddy field will be possible as one will be able to transfer the seeds in the same place where barley has been cultivated.

Additionally, water can be saved by shortening the watering period of the main paddy, and because the seeds are planted at regular intervals, the management of the cultivation of the main paddy becomes easier with the yield per unit area also increasing.

Monaegi is usually done from mid-May to mid-June. It is said that there is a limit for early planting as the average temperature must be 13-15.5℃ or higher for new roots to be extended.

Of course, monaegi in plastic greenhouses are carried out much earlier than this.

In Incheon city, Gyeonggi province, the monaegi was carried out in a plastic house located in a paddy field this February for the first time.



▲ This photo, shows a transplanter on a paddy field. (Yonhap)

▲ This photo, shows a transplanter on a paddy field. (Yonhap)


▲ This photo, shows people in line to plant the seeds manually. (Yonhap)

In the past, Monaegi was done by a lot of people. The paddy fields were used to be filled with people in line to plant the seeds. However, these days, most rice planting machines (transplanters) are used.

Although there still are people doing it the manual way, up until the 1990s, there were so many who used the manual method that one of the representative programs for college students to do charity work was these planting services.


◇ Rice Planting Event at the palace



▲ This photo, shows Changdeokgung Changuijeong Rice Planting held last year. (Yonhap)


Every year, a rice planting event is held in Cheonguijeong, Changdeokgung, Jongno-gu, Seoul.

A rice planting event will be held at 11 a.m. on the 24th at Cheonguijeong, Okryucheon and , Changdeokgung Palace.

The Changdeokgung rice planting event is an annual event to reflect on the meaning of the Chingyeongrye (agriculture-related royal ceremonies) that the king of the Joseon Dynasty cultivated himself to pray for a good harvest along informing the importance of farming.

Although in 2020 and 2021, the ceremony was held simply on the day the palace was closed due to COVID-19, this year, the visitors will be able to experience it in the Changdeokgung Palace.

◇ Twice seen in a monaegi scene

▲ This photo, shows TWICE in Mombbe. (Yonhap)

Girl group Twice appeared on KBS 1TV's "My Hometown at 6 o'clock" on June 2020 and planted rice in a village at Yangpyeong county, Gyeonggi province.

Instead of the flashy costumes they usually wear on stage, they were seen wearing "Mombbe", or bodiless pants with rubbers that are often used during labor or farm work.

Jeongyeon was praised by the chief for her meticulous rice planting skills, and Mina, a Japanese member, sang the trot "Love Battery" in front of the village elders.

At the time, JYP Entertainment, their agency, said, "TWICE has had the longest hiatus since their debut, so we thought it would be good to show an unexpected side of them for the long-awaited fans, which is why they got to challenge something new."

◇ President's rice planting



▲ This photo, shows former president of South Korea, Moon Jae-in participating in Monaegi in Oksan Village, Gyeongju. (Yonhap)

▲ This photo, shows former president of South Korea, Moon Jae-in driving a transplanter in Oksan Village, Gyeongju. (Yonhap)


It is common in Korea for the president to visit a rural area during the Monaegi season to plant rice with the local farmers.

As rice planting is an event that marks the full-scale start of the year's farming and has also been a place for rural communities to come together, it often counts as the first move of the president to obtain hearts of those in the rural areas.

Although one were not able to see the former president of South Korea, Moon Jae-in take part of the rice planting with the residents in Oksan Village, Gyeongju in 2019 as group activities were restricted in 2020 and 2021 due to COVID-19, he not only planted the seeds but also drove the rice transplanter himself.


▲ This photo, shows former president Lee Myung-bak planting rice in Anseong, Gyeonggi province in 2009. (Yonhap)

▲ This photo, shows former president Lee Myung-bak driving a transplanter in Chungju, North Chungcheong province in 2011. (Yonhap)

Former President Lee Myung-bak also visited a rice planting site in Gimje, North Jeolla Province in May 2012 and in Chungju, North Chungcheong province in May 2011, where he also drove the rice transplanter and planted the rice. Former President Lee planted rice in Anseong, Gyeonggi province in 2009 as well. 




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