S. Korea relies more on imports for intermediate goods than G-7 nations: report

곽영섭 / 2022-05-23 14:21:11
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intermediate goods-import dependency
▲ The Korea Enterprises Federation's headquarters in Seoul (Yonhap)

intermediate goods-import dependency

S. Korea relies more on imports for intermediate goods than G-7 nations: report

SEOUL, May 23 (Yonhap) -- South Korea depends more on imports for its intermediate goods needs than other major economies, with its heavy reliance on China, a report showed Monday.

South Korea's imports of intermediate goods accounted for 50.2 percent of the country's total imports in 2020, according to the report from the Korea Enterprises Federation (KEF). Final goods came next with 30.8 percent, followed by primary commodities with 18.4 percent.

South Korea's ratio was much higher than that for Group of Seven (G-7) industrialized nations. Comparable figures were 46.9 percent for Britain, 46.2 percent for Italy, 44.1 percent for Germany, 43.3 percent for France, 43 percent for Canada, 40.8 percent for Japan and 38.3 percent for the United States.

South Korea's dependency on Chinese imports surged from 19.4 percent in 2010 to 28.3 percent in 2020, with its dependency on Japan slumping to 12.8 percent from 21 percent over the cited period.

South Korea's dependency on China for intermediate goods imports was higher than that for the G-7 countries as their dependence rose an average 0.8 percentage point over the cited period.

The business lobby voiced concern that Seoul's high dependency on Beijing could make it vulnerable to "China risk," such as a U.S.-China trade row and China's coronavirus lockdowns.

KEF also said South Korea's dependency on imports for industrial raw materials, including rare earth, steel and lithium, came to 30.2 percent in 2020, the third highest among major economies after Britain's 33.3 percent and Italy's 31.7 percent. Seoul' reliance on China for those materials was 33.4 percent, higher than that for the G-7 nations.

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